Archive for March, 2014

journal entry 1

March 17- I contacted Chon to inquire on a person who resides in Kingsmill for a possible interview, in addition to contacting the chair of the Protection of Human Subjects Committee, Raymond McCoy.After our class, I obtained more information through previous WE project that focused on the development of Williamsburg.

March 18- I received an email from Mr. McCoy in regards to the course and my project. I am currently waiting to hear back from him. I have also contacted Katie to find out more information on how to conduct a focus group.

March 20- Chon informed me that the Kingsmill resident will not be able to be interviewed due to their health.

Unfortunately, I was not able to contact all of the people I needed to due to my own health.

Week ending March 21, 2014

3.17.2014: Tel. call to Library of Virginia to secure York Co. Board of Supervisors papers through end of the week.  Tel. call York Co. Board of Supervisors re: appointment to view BOS meeting minutes in 1942 and 1943; left message.  Email Elder Johnson with Mt. Gilead Baptist Church to follow up on contact with Bishop Dawson.  Visit WPL for James City County BOS and Williamsburg City Council meeting minutes; no data available there for 1942-1943.  Visit Williamsburg city offices to schedule appointment to view meeting minutes.  Clerk of Council, Lisa Judkins, granted immediate access and allowed me to use a conference room for several hours while I conducted research.  Discussions with City Manager, Jackson (Jack) Tuttle and Lisa Judkins about the WDP and my project on Magruder.

3.18.2014: Follow up emails to Jackson Tuttle and Lisa Judkins.

3.19.2014: Tel. call with Ellen from York Co. Board of Supervisors to schedule visit; arranged for 3/21/2014.  Tel. call with Donald Smith, local historian and author of paper on Bigler’s Mill; schedule appointment to meet on 3/20/2014.  Meeting with Williamsburg Presbyterian Church historian, Wilford Kale re: history of York River Presbyterian Church/Williamsburg Presbyterian Church, their relationship to one another and potential leads for Magruder descendants and contact with Camp Peary.  Follow up email to Mr. Kale.

3.20.2014: Tel. call to Camp Peary security offices.  Discuss opportunity to document the Magruder project.  Advised someone from Public Relations Office would contact me.  Tel. call with Teresa Fellows, James City County Secretary to Board of Supervisors, to schedule appointment to access 1942-1943 BOS meeting minutes; schedule appointment for 3/21/2014.  Access WDP oral history of Frances [Bingley] Baker, former Magruder Resident and daughter of Ellis Sidney (E.S. Bingley).  Meeting with Donald Smith re: Bigler’s Mill and potential resources.  Tel. call with Abram Frink (introduction facilitated by Wilford Kale) re: project.  Mr. Frink knows of someone who lived in Magruder; he will try to facilitate a meeting between this man and me over the weekend.

3.21.2014: Planned visits to York County government offices and James City County government offices to research BOS records from 1942-43.

Duke Revised Sources


Allen. Williamsburg Documentary Project, “Native American Representations at Colonial Williamsburg.” Accessed February 27, 2014.

Bird, S. Elizabeth, ed. Dressing in feathers: The construction of the Indian in American popular culture. Westview Press, 1996.

Blume, G. W. J. “Present-day Indians of Tidewater, Virginia.” Quarterly Bulletin, Archeological Society Of Virginia 6, no. 2 (1951): 1-11. Anthropology Plus, EBSCOhost (accessed February 27, 2014).

Cook, Samuel R. “Anthropological advocacy in historical perspective: The case of anthropologists and Virginia Indians.” Human organization 62, no. 2 (2003): 193-201.

Fixico, Donald L. “Ethics and responsibilities in writing American Indian history.” American Indian Quarterly (1996): 29-39.

Gable, Eric. The new history in an old museum: Creating the past at Colonial Williamsburg. Duke University Press, 1997.

Gallivan, Martin D., 1968-. “Collaborative archaeology and strategic essentialism : native empowerment in tidewater Virginia.” Historical Archaeology 45, no. 1 (2011): 10-23. Anthropology Plus, EBSCOhost (accessed February 27, 2014).

Garrett, Michael Tlanusta, and Eugene F. Pichette. “Red as an apple: Native American acculturation and counseling with or without reservation.” Journal of Counseling & Development 78, no. 1 (2000): 3-13.

Merrell, James H. “Some thoughts on colonial historians and american indians.” The William and Mary Quarterly: A Magazine of Early American History and (1989): 94-119.

Nagel, Joane. “American Indian ethnic renewal: Politics and the resurgence of identity.” American Sociological Review (1995): 947-965.

Phinney, Jean S. “When we talk about American ethnic groups, what do we mean?.” American Psychologist 51, no. 9 (1996): 918.

Thornton, Russell. “Tribal membership requirements and the demography of ‘old’and ‘new’Native Americans.” Population Research and Policy Review 16, no. 1-2 (1997): 33-42.

Wallace, Michael. “Visiting the past: history museums in the United States.” Radical History Review 1981, no. 25 (1981): 63-96.

Waugaman, Sandra F., and Danielle Moretti-Langholtz. We’re still here: contemporary Virginia Indians tell their stories. Palari Pub, 2000.

The 3-Person Rule: Updated Bibliography

These resources are listed in addition to the prior bibliography given earlier in the year.

City of Williamsburg Directories, 1999-2011

Associated Press. “Williamsburg to continue talks on 3-person rule.” Pilot Online. Last modified June 15, 2009. Accessed March 14, 2014.

 City of Williamsburg. “City of Williamsburg Planning Department.” City of Williamsburg Planning Department. Last modified March 12, 2014. Accessed March 14, 2014.

———. “Focus Group on Rental Properties Near the College.” City of Williamsburg City Council. Last modified July 5, 2012. Accessed March 14, 2014.

———. “Focus Group Policy Q&A.” Focus Group on Rental Properties Near the College. Last modified March 11, 2013. Accessed March 14, 2014.

———. “2008 & 2009 Planning Commission Agendas and Minutes.” City of Williamsburg Planning Commission Meetings. Last modified May 13, 2010. Accessed March 14, 2014.

City of Williamsburg Planning Commission. City of Williamsburg 2013 Comprehensive Plan. Compiled by Sean Driscoll and Reed Nester. Williamsburg, VA: n.p., 2013.

College of William & Mary. “Off-Campus Housing.” William & Mary Reves Center. Last modified 2014. Accessed March 14, 2014.

MuniCode. “Sec. 21-619. Increase in residential occupancy for single-family detached dwellings.” MuniCode. Accessed March 14, 2014. CH21ZO_ARTIVSUDIRE_S21-619INREOCSIMIDEDW.

———. “Williamsburg, Virginia Codes and Ordinances: Part II – The Code: Chapter 21, Zoning.” MuniCode. Accessed March 14, 2014.

Student Renter’s Guide. Williamsburg, VA: City of Williamsburg, n.d.

Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, Va. Code Ann. (2011). Accessed March 14, 2014.

Won’t You Be My Neighbor?: Off-Campus Living at W&M – Tips for a Successful Partnership. Williamsburg, VA: W&M Dept. of Residence Life, n.d.

Recovering Magruder: Updated Bibliography


Ann T. Chapman Papers
1884-1954 Swem Library Special Collections Research Center.  College of William and Mary, Williamsburg.

Archibald F. Ward, Jr. Papers
1939-2007 Swem Library Special Collections Research Center.  College of William and Mary. Williamsburg.

Belvin, Ed
2002 Williamsburg Facts and Fiction 1900-1950.  Swem Library Special Collections Research Center.  College of William and Mary. Williamsburg.

Bitting, Samuel Tilden
1915 Rural Land Ownership Among the Negroes of Virginia with Special Reference to Albemarle County. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Publications.

Burnham, Philip
2008 The Disappearing Black Community of Williamsburg. The Richmond Voice, March 5.

Camp Lee Virginia
1944 Camp Lee vs. Camp Peary football game announcement and team rosters for game on November 5, 1944 at Lee Field on Camp Lee. “Camp Lee Welcomes Camp Peary.” World War II History Commission Collection, Section III “Camps & Stations [c.1944-c. Sept. 1945]”: Box 21. Library of Virginia, Richmond.

Carlton Casey Papers
1894-1999 Swem Library Special Collections Research Center.  College of William and Mary, Williamsburg.

Ebert, Bruce C.
1986 Lost Town: 44 Years After Being Displaced, Some Still Bitter Over Camp Peary.  Times Herald, April 7.

Fisher, Terri L., and Kirsten Sparenborg
2011 Lost Communities of Virginia.  Earlysville, VA: Albemarle Books.

Foster, Andrea Kim
1993 “They’re Turning the Town all Upside Down”: The Community Identity of Williamsburg, Virginia, Before and After the Reconstruction. Ph.D. dissertation, Columbian Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The George Washington University.

Julia Oxrieder Papers
1877-1998 Swem Library Special Collections Research Center.  College of William and Mary, Williamsburg.

Magruder School Parent Teacher Association Scrapbook
1949-1960 Swem Library Special Collections Research Center.  College of William and Mary, Williamsburg.

McCartney, Martha W.,
1997 James City County : Keystone of the Commonwealth. Virginia Beach: The Donning Company.

McDonald, Bradley M., Kenneth E. Stuck, and Kathleen Joan Bragdon
1992 “Cast Down Your Bucket Where You are” : An Ethnohistorical Study of the African-American Community on the Lands of the Yorktown Naval Weapons Station, 1865-1918. Williamsburg: William and Mary Center for Archeological Research.  Swem Library Special Collections, Williamsburg.

Porter, Carl
1942 December 10, 1942 Letter to the Citizens of the Magruder Area from Carl W. Porter, Commander of the Public Works Department, Naval Operating Base about Building a Camp for the Seabees and Citizens Needing to Vacate their Homes.  Swem Library Special Collections Research Center.  College of William and Mary, Williamsburg.

United States Government Printing Office
1943 Hearings Before the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, June 17, 1943 on H.R. 2886 “Removal of Oysters from York River and Queens Creek, VA.”  Washington, DC: House of Representatives, Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries.

Virginia Department of Welfare and Institutions
1944 War Came to Magruder. Virginia Public Welfare Journal 22(1):1-2.

Virginia Department of Welfare and Institutions
1943 The Evacuation of Magruder. Virginia Public Welfare Journal 21(3):3.

World War II History Commission
1944 Archived material, Library of Virginia Archives, Section III “Camps & Stations [c.1944-c. Sept. 1945]”: Box 21, Camp Peary folder, Richmond, Virginia.

B&Bs, Tourism, and the Williamsburg “Brand”: Updated bibliography

Bruner, E. M. (2005). Culture on tour: Ethnographies of travel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

“Colonial Williamsburg VA Lodging at The Cedars: A Romantic Williamsburg Bed and Breakfast.” Colonial Williamsburg VA Lodging at The Cedars: A Romantic Williamsburg Bed and Breakfast. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2014.

“City of Williamsburg: Planning.” City of Williamsburg. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. <>.

Evans Tourist Home Guest Book (Williamsburg, Va.), 1949-1955. N.d. MS. College of

Jackson, A. T., & Shackel, P. A. (2012). Speaking for the enslaved: Heritage interpretation at Antebellum plantation sites. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Hanna, S. P., & Del Casino, V. J. (2003). Mapping tourism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Ierley, Merritt. Surveys and Responses Sent to Curators of Historic Houses in Conjunction with Merritt Ierley’s Book The Comforts of Home: The American House and the Evolution of Modern Convenience. N.d. MS. College of William & Mary, Williamsburg.

Kale, Wilford. “BED AND BREAKFAST CURB HELD UP AGAIN.” Richmond Times-Dispatch 9 Jun. 1989, One Star, Area/State: B-4. NewsBank. Web. 7 Feb. 2014.

Kaufman, Tammie J. Bed and Breakfasts in Virginia: Identification and Success Factors [abstract]. Blacksburg, Va.: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1994.

Lasansky, D. M., & McLaren, B. D. (2004). Architecture and tourism: Perception, performance and place (English ed.). Oxford ; New York: Berg.

Misiura, S. (2006). Heritage marketing. Oxford ; Burlington, MA: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.

Orbasli, A., & NetLibrary, I. (2000). Tourists in historic towns: Urban conservation and heritage management. London ; New York: E & FN Spon.

Robinson, M., & Smith, M. K. (2006). Cultural tourism in a changing world: Politics, participation and (re)presentation. Clevedon [England] ; Buffalo, NY: Channel View Publications.

Shaffer, M. S. (2001). See America first: Tourism and national identity, 1880-1940. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Smith, L., Waterton, E., & Watson, S. (2012). The cultural moment in tourism. New York: Routledge.

Teare, R. (1994). Marketing in hospitality and tourism: A consumer focus. London ; New York, NY: Cassell.Travel Research Association. (1974). The contributions of travel research in a year of crisis: Proceedings of fifth annual conference, September 8-11, 1974, Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia. [Salt Lake City: The Association.

United States. Department of Commerce., & United States. President’s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities. (2005). A position paper on cultural & heritage tourism in the United States. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Commerce.

United States Bed & Breakfast Inns Industry Report. Woolwich: Barnes Reports.

Virginia. Department of Historic Resources., & Virginia Tourism Corporation. (2001). Tourism handbook: Putting Virginia’s history to work. Richmond, VA: Virginia Dept. of Historic Resources.

Virginia Tourism Corporation. (2007). Virginia secrets: Indulge your passions. Roanoke, Va. : Richmond, Va.: Leisure Publishing Company.

Virginia Tourism Authority. (2004). Website enhancements for wineries and bed and breakfast marketing: Report of the Virginia Tourism Authority to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia. Richmond, Va.: Commonwealth of Virginia.

Kingsmill Bibliography

1. Bagaeen, S., and O. Uduku. Gated communities: Social sustainability in contemporary and historical gated developments. UK: Cromwell Press Group, 2010. Print.
2. Blakey, Edward J. Fortress America: Gated Communities in the United States. Brookings Institution Press, 1997. Print.
3. Colonial Williamsburg, Inc.,. Planning for the long term: (a special communication from Colonial Williamsburg relating to the background and rational for sale of the Kingsmill property to Anheuser-Bush, Inc. Williamsburg: The Foundation, 1970. Print.
4. Dunn, William. “Guardedly Republican: The Voting Behavior of Gated Community Residents in Williamsburg-James City County in the 2006 and 2008 Elections.” Conference Papers — Midwestern Political Science Association., 2009. 1. Academic Search Complete. Web.
5. Frances Robb. 2010 Interview by Morgan Flaherty. Williamsburg Documentary Project Digital Archive, April 5.
6. Glass, Anne Cary. An Ecological Interpretation of Food Remains at the Kingsmill site, James City County, Virginia. 1974. Print.
7. John Womeldorf. 2010 Interview by Sarah Horan. Williamsburg Documentary Project Digital Archive, April 1.
8. Kelso, William M. Historical Archaeology at Kingsmill. 1973-1977. Print.
9. Kelso, William M. Kingsmill Plantations, 1619-1800: Archaeology of Country life in colonial Virginia. Orlando: Academic Press, 1984. Print.
10. Langley, Cortney. “Planning Commission defers Kingsmill expansion, citing unresolved issues” Virginia Gazette, 2010.
11. Low, Setha M. Behind the Gates: life, security, and the pursuit of happiness in forstress America. Routledge, 2003. Print.
12. Tolbert, Bill. “20 Yeas Later, Kingsmill has Grown According to Plan” Virginia Gazette,1994. Print.
13. Wells, Camille. Kingsmill Plantation: A Cultural Analysis. 1976. vii, 133. Print.

Updated Bibliography


1. Nelson, L. P. 2006 American sanctuary: Understanding sacred spaces. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

2. Rowe, Linda H. Brief Information About Jews in Early America and Williamsburg.

3. Smith, M.2008 Religion, culture, and sacred space. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

4. Chidester, D. and Linenthal, E. T. 1995 American sacred space. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

5. Elliot Wolin. 2008 Interview by Alpert Solomon. Williamsburg Documentary Project Digital Archive. April 8.

6. Ethel Sternberg. 2008 Interview by Rachel Sapin. Williamsburg Documentary Project Digital Archive, April 9.

7. Scott Gary Brown. 2007 Interview by Alice Curtin. Williamsburg Documentary Project Digital Archive, May 2.

8. Scott Gary Brown. 2007 Interview by Rachel Sapin. Williamsburg Documentary Project Digital Archive, April 17.

9. Sylvia Scholnick. 2008 Interview by Rachel Sapin. Williamsburg Documentary Project Digital Archive, May 8.

10. Goldring/Woldenberg Institute of Southern Jewish Life. “Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities: Williamsburg, Virginia.” Web. <>.

11. Sacred rituals, sacred spaces. 2007 Films Media Group & Polis Center. 17 min. Films Media Group.

12. Student Organizations Collection, Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary. Box 18: Religious Organizations: Inter-Y.

13. Frank, Neil R. (1968, October). Hubard Site Archaeological Report, Block 2 Lot 251-252. Colonial Williamsburg Digital Library. Retrieved March 2014, from

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The Williamsburg Documentary Project (WDP) strives to collect and preserve the rich past of Williamsburg, Virginia. By conducting oral history interviews, building physical and digital archives, and creating online exhibits, the WDP interprets Williamsburg’s recent past. The WDP works towards developing a better understanding of Williamsburg by bringing together individuals, local groups, Colonial Williamsburg, and the College of William & Mary.

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