Archive for March, 2013

Work Journal 3/25-3/31

This week has been somewhat productive from an organizational standpoint, but I am in a waiting period, as much of my project relies on oral histories.


Tues: I met with Professor Glosson and Helis to discuss where to go from here—waiting to hear from Jane, and that I should not be too worried yet about my project.


Thursday: I called and emailed Lance Pedigo, but am still waiting for response from him. I have made a plan to hunt down Tom Marshall via his teaching schedule in Ewell next week.


Friday/Saturday: I received an email from Jane Hanson, and responded to try to set up a time (she suggested Wednesday, which is terrible for me). Hopefully I will get that nailed down in the next week or two.

I also fought with .pdf files from CW Rockefellar scans, so that I could put them into one file. I took notes on Bullock piece, which outlines how music existed in colonial Virginia.


Sunday: I organized all of my secondary research files into a folder, properly labeled. I went through the CD liner information that I had from the CW Rockefellar of recordings by the Governor’s Musick and took notes on them. I am coming up with a better idea of how this ensemble is presented by the CW Foundation (when it is presented at all).

I went through my online research on residents ensembles, created notes and compiled them into one document. I now have information on the Newberry Consort, the Folger Library Consort, the Smithsonian Chamber Music Society, and a bit on the National Gallery.


For the next week, I really hope to schedule multiple oral histories, and have some fruitful communication with members of the ensemble.

Journal 3

Monday, March 25

Today I spent a bulk of my time preparing for my American studies seminar class. Unfortunately that meant little time for my WDP project.


Tuesday, March 26

Today in class I gave a report on my progress so far. My main concerns were about the amount of Virginia Gazette data I was facing. I calculated that it would take me 51 hours to view every edition of the newspaper and read every Last Word for the past four years. After consulting Sarah and Helis, we decided that I only need to look at one edition of the VG per month. This was great news because it will seriously cut down the amount of time I need to spend researching the Last Words.


Helis has been very helpful with the microfilm. Today she sent me 10 different Last Words from the months of May and June in 2009. I organized them into a special folder on my computer. I plan to spend more time working on microfilm next week.


During some rare free time I had in the afternoon, I scheduled an interview with Judy Knudson. I accidentally called her home number first. Her husband then told me how to reach her at her office at the Olde Towne Medical Center where is the executive director and co-founder. I called Dr. Brown and left a message – his office closes at noon. When I called Dr. Schultz and asked for Allison Butler, his wife, they told me that she does not work there – she works at Woman Care – and that she’s not his wife. Oops. When I called Womancare asking for Nurse Butler, the receptionist told me that she works on Mondays and Wednesdays so I decided to call back the next day. I also called Linda Chelmow, who is a strategist at Sentara, but she did not answer. I left a message.


Wednesday, March 27

Linda Chelmow called me back and we scheduled an interview for next Wednesday. I also called Womancare to talk to Allison Butler, but by the time I called – around 3:30pm – they were closed. I will try again on Monday. Also, while I was researching Allison Butler, I found this video: I called Dr. Brown’s home number and spoke with him about scheduling an interview. He told me to call back tomorrow.


Thursday, March 28

Today was a very productive day for my WDP project. After a minor freak out yesterday, I talked to Sarah on the phone about my data collection. We decided to finalize my list of interviewees: Judy Knduson (politician and Olde Towne Medical Clinic), Linda Chelmow (hospital administrator), Dr. Brown (doctor), Allison Butler (nurse and woman’s health specialist), and the seniors at Williamsburg Landing (a collaboration with Lauren).


Later in the day, I spoke to Lauren on the phone about the Williamsburg Landing interviews. She said she was in touch with a family friend who works at the retirement community. I asked her to ask her friend if I could ask the seniors a few questions about the Affordable Care Act at the end of Lauren’s interview with them.


Sarah sent me some great information from the WY Daily online. She said to pay special attention to the comments. The comments from these articles will serve to add to the “lay” perceptive of health care reform in Williamsburg. They will complement the data from the Last Word section of the Virginia Gazette and the interviews with the seniors.


The WY Daily has a very searchable online archive of articles. I searched for both “Obamacare” and “health care reform”/ “healthcare reform.” I found a lot of articles that focused on various political and medical advances over the past couple of years. I organized them into six categories:


  1. Rob Wittman’s Town Hall – August 2009
  2. Obama’s visit to Kingsmill to defend health care reform – February 2009
  3. The passage of ACA – March 2010
  4. Occupy Williamsburg movment – July 2012
  5. 91st District of VA House of Delegates Debate – January 2011
  6. Dr. Decipher Blog


I decided to only use groups 1 – 3. Group one relates directly to the research I am doing in the Government department with Prof. Settle so analyzing the comments from these articles. The comments from group 2 are also interesting because they directly address the president. Finally, I predict that March 23, the day the Affordable Care Act passed, will factor prominently into my project. The comments from this day and the days immediately following are relevant to my work.


Friday, March 29

Dr. Brown’s office called me back and I spoke to one of his receptionists on the phone. She scheduled an interview for next Friday. Other than that, today I spent working on a multitude of initatives for my job in student government so I did not have chance to work on my WDP project. Plus, there isn’t much I can do before Monday and Tuesday, which is when I plan on calling Allison Butler and pleading for indexers.


Saturday, March 30

Today I spent all of my time at TEDx, which was a lot of fun.


Sunday, March 31

I organized my notes for my journal and confirmed my interviews with Judy Knudson and Linda Chelmow. I have a test tomorrow in a government class so I spent most of my day preparing for that.


To do

  • Call Alison Butler at Woman Care
  • Connect with Lauren re: Wbg Landing
  • Confirm interview with Dr. Brown
  • Write interview questions and send them to Sarah to review

Journal Update

I was really sick this past week so I was unable to get as much done on my project as I planned.  I plan to have all my interviews set up by the end of this week, plan to continue to look for more scholarly articles, and start putting an outline together.

Monday, March 25th

I was sick and was unable to do any work for WDP.

Tuesday, March 26th

I was sick and was unable to do any work for WDP.

Wednesday, March 27th

Emailed Lisa Bates, Senior Director of Marketing and Sales at Williamsburg Landing to set up a focus group of her residents and an interview with her.

Thursday, March 28th

Responded to Lisa Bates with my availability

Searched various databases for articles on retirement mobility (1 hour) to no avail.

Friday, March 29th

Searched Special Collections database to see if there is anything that could be helpful to my research that I have yet to examine (1 hour).

Saturday, March 30th

Emailed Lisa Bates to provide more dates I am available and also to ask if Jake can get in on the focus group.  Also wanted to make clear that this would be recorded and that her residents would be comfortable with that.

I am waiting to hear back from Lisa before I schedule other interviews because I gave all of my available dates and times to her and do not want to schedule other interviews during a time when all of Lisa’s residents are available for a focus group.

Sunday, March 31st

Went through current news publications to see if any new articles, videos, etc. regarding my topic were released this past week.

March 25, 2013

This week I started to think about what I am going to be asking about in my interviews, which I will try to conduct by next Wednesday. I am giving myself a timeline, after reading the book by Rawls Byrd I have a precursor of what information is out there and will be able to narrow down my questions. I believe once I talk to Vicki Pedigo I will have a really clear idea of the direction of where my final project is going to go with the use of both personal stories and just facts.

The timeline I am attempting to go by is

this week

  • I will write up the information that I do have (possibly in some sort of draft of a paper)

This will help me organize my thoughts and what information I have vs. what I need

  • Set up interview with Mrs. Pedigo/other names I have gotten from people
  • Talk to some people my age who grew up in Williamsburg

Next Week

  • Interviews will take place (which will give me the rest of the information I need to give me a clear view of my end result)



Work Journal Update

This past week was quite a busy one for me so I was not able to accomplish as much as I hoped for. This week I should be able to get my first interview done.


3.19.13- Sent emails to JT Castner and Al Albert.  (15 minutes)


3.20.13- Read articles previously pulled up about WISC (45 minutes)


3.21.13- NA: Baseball team travel to Boston


3.22.13- NA


3.24.13: Re-read articles about WISC on flight home (30 minutes)

Journal 3/18 – 3/25

March 18 – nothing (worked on the map project)

March 19 – I looked through the two articles I received through the Iter-Library Loan. They were mostly theoretical documents, not so much historical documents for CDR. I also talked to my gymnastics coach who said an alumni from the women’s team works at CDR currently. He gave me her contact information and I will get in contact with her soon.

March 20 – I sent my email to Mrs. Garland after Professor Barnard said she had agreed to see me. I have still not heard back from her. CDR has its auction on Sunday so I understand if she is busy.

March 21- I looked at an article I requested from off campus storage. It was a microform. It was about the specifics of the Individual Family Service Plan at CDR, but there was not much information specifically about CDR in the article.

March 22, 23 – nothing

March 24- I went on CDR’s website again and scoured through it. In their news/events page I found a bunch of newspaper articles from the last two years. Many of them were very interesting. Two were from the Williamsburg Neighbor Magazine focusing on two individuals who work at CDR and their impact on the community. I also looked at CDR’s Facebook page. Much was written about the auction taking place today. They also posted national newspaper articles on Childhood and Special education news going on in Washington or Virginia government. These articles may be useful for a broad understanding of current issues.

Work Journal 3/24

Choir Tour ate my life from last Friday to Wednesday (and for most of the semester before that). I have been trying to catch up on all my work, including my map diary, and have not have a chance to get research done. (I did get to bond with Tom Marshall on tour, though!)

By now, I have skimmed most of my secondary sources. I have also reached out to Professor Marshall about an oral history. [Professor Glosson, could I please get the contact information for Lance Pedigo and for those in the ensemble?]

My goal for this week is to thoroughly go through my sources, and organize any pertinent information from them. I hope that Professor Marshall will agree to an interview, and that I can schedule him in the next week and a half. I will also email Professor Griffioen about meeting to discuss any additional background on early music ensembles.

I will get back on track with this project!

Work Journal – Week Two

Monday, March 18th 

Organized contacts into an easy-to-read document

Tuesday, March 19th

Met with Professor Glosson and Helis to discuss how to narrow the focus of my project.

Obtained two interviews conducted during class to use for my paper

Wednesday, March 20th

Went back through interview of Lance Pedigo

Thursday, March 21st

Went back through interview of Laurie Brown

Friday, March 22nd


Saturday, March 23rd

Read paper from a student in the course last year that focused on independence for retirees in Williamsburg.  The paper is helpful to my research because she interviewed the Senior Director of Community Relations for Williamsburg Landing, a continuous care retirement community I plan to focus my research on (at least the portion on retired alumni in Williamsburg).

Sunday, March 24th

After thinking for a few days about what I want to be the focus (narrower than before), I went through my contacts and determined who I plan to get in touch with to interview (I needed to limit how many people I plan to interview).

Went through current news publications to see if any new articles, videos, etc. regarding my topic were released this past week.

Made a schedule for contacting people to schedule interviews

Work Journal Update

3/21/13    start: 6:00   end: 9:00

  • In the past week I have kept hitting dead ends and have been discouraged from researching.  However, in class I realized that it is just as significant, if not more, that local papers are not addressing problems such as poverty or marginalized youth.  I have found very few articles about either of these.  Also, whenever the papers mention BBBS it only mentions fundraisers or events and briefly touches on the mission of the organization.  I need to start reading between the lines and figuring out the significance of this dearth of information.
    • Could it be that citizens, and reporters, of Williamsburg do not care about these problems?  Do they not know they exist?  Are they ashamed by them? Could acknowledgement of poverty in the area discourage tourism?
    • Printed out articles for the paper archive
    • Contacted research librarian at Swem about finding more information. She was extremely helpful.
      • She told me to look at Access World News to try to find more local articles.
      • She sent me a link to a 2001 Daily Press article called “Rubber Ducky, You’re the One—Big Brothers Big Sisters Counting On Derby to Bring in Money”
        • The Great Colonial Duck Derby at Water Country USA is a fundraiser for BBBS of Greater Williamsburg.  The article states that “the fund-raiser is essential for paying for activities for children and adults involved in Big Brothers Big Sisters in the City of Williamsburg, James City and upper York counties.”
  • There is a report called “Making a Difference. An Impact Study of Big Brothers/Big Sisters that can be delivered to the library
    • I need to go to the circulation desk and do this tomorrow
  • Another report called “Does Mentoring Work? : An Impact Study of the BBBS Program seems like it could be useful in looking at the impact the organization has made internationally
    • This study found that “this type of mentoring had a significant positive effect on youths ages 10-16. Over the 18 month follow-up period, youths participating in Big Brothers Big Sisters Programs were significantly less likely to have started using illegal drugs or alcohol, hit someone, or skipped school.  They were also more confident about their school performance and got along better with their families.”
    • “The institutions we have historically relied on to provide youths with adult support and guidance—families, schools, and neighborhoods—have changed in ways that reduce their capacity to deliver such support”
    • “This article provides the evidence that BBBS—a mentoring program that facilitates meaningful and long-lasting adult/youth relationships—does make a difference.”
    • Section 2 of the report: BBBS program model
      • BBBS pairs adults with children in single-parent households according to this study (IS THIS THE SAME AT EVERY CHAPTER? ASK IN INFO GATHERING OR INTERVIEW)
      • Big and little meet 2-4 times a month for at least a year for about 3 or 4 hours each time
      • ****”BBBS IS NOT A PROGRAM TARGETED AT AMELIORATING SPECIFIC PROBLEMS, BUT RATHER AT PROVIDING A YOUTH WITH AN ADULT FRIEND” (so the organization does not have a wider focus on certain problems like poverty or marginalization?)
      • study selected 8 local BBBS agencies to study
        • they were chosen for geographic diversity
      • Section 3: design of evaluation
        • Random assignment of half applicants to an 18 month waiting list for BBBS (control group) and the other half were matched with a big. “The impact of BBBS was determined by comparing the outcomes of these two groups 18 months later.”
      • Section 4: characteristics of youths who participated
        • Tables detailing race/gender and other characteristics
        • 62.4% of the analysis sample were boys and 56.8% were of a minority group.  71% of the minority group were African American, 18% Hispanic and the rest were of  a variety of other racial/ethnic groups
        • more than 40% of youths lived in households that were receiving fod stamps and/or cash publish assistance.
        • Consistent with all BBBS agencies, girls are more likely to be matched than boys—it is universally more difficult to find males to volunteer as bigs
        • Characteristics of bigs: “generally well-educated young professionals”
          • More than 60% had a college or graduate degree
          • Average age of men: 30, women: 28
      • Section 5: evidence on how “youths who participated in a BBBS program differed, 18 months later from similar youths who were randomly assigned to a control group.
        • Hypothesis: “By providing youths with good role models, helping them to cope with peer pressures, to think through the consequences of their actions, and to become involved in socially acceptable activities, volunteers would inhibit youths from initiating alcohol or drug use and delinquent behavior”
          • Findings: Littles less likely than their control counterparts to start using illegal drugs and alcohol during the study; hitting decreased
          • Hypothesized that littles would value school more, have better attendance, and get better grades. (especially after the first study period)
            • Littles reported slightly better grades than control youths, improvement in school attendance—impact larger for girls
            • “research shows that youths who feel more competent in school tend to be more engaged and perform better.”
            • Hypothesis: forming one successful relationship would carry over to a youth’s other relationships by helping him/her to trust others, express anger more productively and generally become able to relate to others more effectively”
              • Findings: family and peer relationships improved for littles
      • Section 6: summarizes positive impacts
        • “taken together, the results presented here show that having a BB or BS offers tangible benefits for youths”
        • “this study does not provide evidence that any type of mentoring works, but rather that mentoring programs that facilitate the types of relationships we observed in the BBBS program work.”
  • She also sent the link to a book called “One to One: The Story of the BBBS Movement in America”
    • I am working on locating this book. I am hoping to use the Interlibrary Loan system, but I cannot currently remember my password.
    • This book seems to provide a comprehensive history of BBBS and its current characteristics.
    • “The book notes that the BB/BS grew into a popular movement because of its simple yet effective approach in fostering positive youth development through a friendship with an adult carefully selected for characteristics as a role model and capacity for friendship.”
  • Another book, written in 1995 called “Building Relationships With Youth in Program Settings: A Study of Big Brothers/Big Sisters” looks promising.
    • I am also trying to locate this book because I think that it is important to look at the organization and its impact on a national scale in order to understand the local chapter
    • I am going to Big Brothers Big Sisters office tomorrow morning (for real this time). Unless, of course there is too much snow. I am hoping to talk to someone to gather the date that this chapter was founded as well as getting some names of people to interview.
    • To do:
      • Keep looking for news presence
      • I am still waiting for responses to emails about interviews. Maybe I will send some follow up emails



Journal 2

Monday, March 18

I spent most of my AMST hours working on my map diary, which is due on Tuesday. I also received a phone call from Ruth Baur from Williamsburg Landing called me and tried to set up an interview so I told her that I will call her back later in the week once I’ve confirmed my schedule.


Tuesday, March 19

Tuesday was a very busy day for me because I had six hours of class three hours of meeting. I was exhausted so I ended up going to be at 8:30pm. I did not have a lot of time to dedicate to my project.


Wednesday, March 20

Today Helis and I went through the Virginia Gazette microfilms in the basement of Swem. Marcia Kirby helped us figure out how to use the equipment. It took Helis and me each about one hour to go through one month of VG material. I analyzed January 2009 and she did April 2009. Early 2009 was a relatively quiet time period for national health care reform so we did not find too much at our time in Swem. However, as Helis began to read the VGs from late April, more articles began to emerge.


My original plan was to look at VGs from 2009 to 2013. Now that I know it takes one hour to look at one month of articles, I am not sure if it is realistic for me to set aside nearly 51 hours to look at every edition of the VG. I plan on talking to Sarah and Helis about a better strategy when we meet on Tuesday.


Thursday, March 21

I meant to call Ms. Baur, from Williamsburg Landing, about scheduling an interview. By the time I had some free time, it was very late and I assumed she wouldn’t want to be disturbed. It’s probably better this way because I am still unsure of how I want to include Ms. Baur in my project.


Friday, March 22

I did not have an opportunity to work on WDP things today.


Saturday, March 23

I was home sick all day so I didn’t have the chance to work on any schoolwork.


Sunday, March 24

Today I organized my journal for our weekly submission. I also organized the following to do list for the week:


  • Schedule interviews (and return Ms. Baur’s call) – T 2pm – 3pm
  • Create interview questions – T 3pm – 4pm
  • Microfilms – W 2pm – 4pm

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The Williamsburg Documentary Project (WDP) strives to collect and preserve the rich past of Williamsburg, Virginia. By conducting oral history interviews, building physical and digital archives, and creating online exhibits, the WDP interprets Williamsburg’s recent past. The WDP works towards developing a better understanding of Williamsburg by bringing together individuals, local groups, Colonial Williamsburg, and the College of William & Mary.

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